A dental prosthesis is an intraoral (inside the mouth) prosthesis used to restore (reconstruct) intraoral defects such as missing teeth, missing parts of teeth, and missing soft or hard structures of the jaw and palate. Prosthodontics is the dental specialty that focuses on dental prostheses. Such prostheses are used to rehabilitate mastication (chewing), improve aesthetics, and aid speech. A dental prosthesis may be held in place by connecting to teeth or dental implants, by suction, or by being held passively by surrounding muscles. Like other types of prostheses, they can either be fixed permanently or removable; fixed prosthodontics and removable dentures are made in many variations. Permanently fixed dental prostheses use dental adhesive or screws, to attach to teeth or dental implants. Removal prostheses may use friction against parallel hard surfaces and undercuts of adjacent teeth or dental implants, suction using the mucous retention (without or without aid from denture adhesives), and by exploiting the surrounding muscles and anatomical contours of the jaw to passively hold in place.
Removable Dental Prosthesis
Removable dental prostheses are dental restorations that can be removed by the patient when using it is not necessary. Dentures are the most common removable dental prosthesis in the market and are, by far, the most common way that most patients choose to replace their missing teeth. The reason behind this is that, despite all the other advancements in dental technology, removable dental prosthesis are noninvasive and will not require any surgical incisions or painful recovery. Removable dental prosthesis are supported by surrounding tissues in the oral cavity and may be conveniently removed by the patient when not in use and replaced whenever necessary.
Dentists recommend the use of removable dental prostheses for patients who do not wish to undergo any specific type of dental surgery to replace their missing teeth, but would certainly benefit from this specific restoration. Removable dental prostheses can improve chewing abilities, help maintain muscle tone that gets lost with tooth loss, restore or improve the patient’s ability to speak and pronounce words better, and, most of all, give the patient a boost in self-esteem that is normally lost when the patient begins to lose his teeth.